Physical therapists and certified athletic trainers often use the term shin splints to describe conditions of pain and disability in the tibia and fibula. Poor conditioning, over-training, irregular surfaces and biomechanical abnormalities are the culprits of shin splints. The technical name for shin splints is medial tibial syndrome, which accounts for 10 to 15 percent of all running injuries and up to 60 percent of all conditions that cause pain in athletes’ legs.
Medial tibial syndrome is an inflation of the tiblias posterior muscle and inflammation of the lining around the tibia (periostieum). This condition is often cause by excessive loads placed on that muscle. To take care of this condition, athletes must apply ice to their shins at least four times a day to reduce the inflammation. In addition, the athlete may take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication. Also, a physician may advise the patient to undergo physical therapy treatment to strengthen the intrinsic muscles of the feet and create a strong arch muscle.
In addition a sufferer can stretch the calf muscles in an effort to eliminate muscle imbalance. Through this physical therapy regimen, the patients can increase their ability to absorb shock and reduce the likelihood of recurring shin splints. Finally athletes may purchase custom made orthotics to support the foot in a proper biomechanical fashion, once again reducing the risks of shin splints.
Do you suffer from shin splints? Dr. Attilio S. Pensavalle can help you strengthen your intrinsic muscles. Call OrthoBalance in Great Neck to schedule your appointment.